The dawn of the Merchant Navy happened Prue-independence from Britain. Since then, the Indian Maritime industry has developed. Merchant marines or Merchant Navy is officially registered in a country. The commercial fleet of non-military/fighting ships for transportation of carriers, containers, vessels, passengers and other things via sea , which is not possible by road, rail and air services between countries. The Merchant Navy fleet consists tanker, cargo, passenger, refrigerator, container ships.
Ships of Indian Merchant Navy are handled by Public and Private Companies & maneuver by engineers, navigators and crews. The Indian Government provides training under the Ministry of Surface Transport for the personnel. Directorate General of Shipping has set training institutes under its management ‘Chanakya,’ training ship Mumbai of government maritime B.Sc degree for 3 years (University of Mumbai). Another Prime Institute is Marine Engineering Research Institute (MERI) for education in marine engineering. Both the institutes impart training for Pre Sea training for education in maritime. For Discipline in Navigation, Cadets are trained by ‘Chanakya’ apprenticeship.
In order to prove the ability for NAVIGATING OFFICERS, it is mandatory to take the certificate of competency as per Indian rules with regard to masters & mates exams in the mercantile marine. Second mate (foreign going) is the first certificate of competency for navigating officers from T.S. “Chanakya”. On completion of 3 year degree course (Nautical Science) with Chanakya apprenticeship. Prior to the eligibility for grant of Second mate(foreign going) competency certificate, a cadet officer is needed to finish one year on merchant ship for deck department with normal stipend. Any Candidate who clears the B.Sc. (Nautical Science) exam with University of Mumbai can avail exemptions in the certificate of competency exams & can also apply for remission in sea service. In the first exam for a cadet for Second mate, takes 8-10 months & instructions are also given to the students in nautical college.
After acquiring certificate of competency for a second Mate (FG) then an officer is entitled to be inducted as 3rd officer/2nd officer on merchant ship with good salary. For promotion, supplementary sea service- 18 months as OIC (NW) for passing next level exam, which is First Mate (Foreign Going) and additional sea service of 18 months as OIC (NW) or 1 year for Master(FG) as CM
The merchant navy personnel are eligible for both first Mate/ Master’s Certificate of competency exam on completing 18 months of service and assistance for tutoring about 8-10 months are given on taking the exam. The Mariners are required to finish 36 months of sea service for Master’s Certificate of Competency after exam for Second mate and 12 months later 1st Mates exam. An officer can become captain of a merchant ship after acquiring Master’s Certificate of competency. Ministry of Surface Transport through the Directorate General of shipping(Mumbai) takes all competency exams.
a) Home trade merchant vessels that sail within Indian Territory only, also known as Near Coastal Voyage (NCV).
b) Certification in navigating ships is permissible for class X pass students, at least 18 years of age and sea service as deck cadet for 18 months
c) 3 years of deck ratings and executed watch keeping duties for minimum 6 months as per the direction deck officer holding a valid certificate of competency.
d) Receiving certificate allows working as a watch keeping officer on offshore vessels and home merchandising territory.
e) With the completion of necessary sea service, one is eligible to take the second mate exam of foreign going vessels.
a) One can be promoted as mate on home merchandising ship after taking certificate of competency as a watch keeping officer for navigation with 18 months sea service, training & assessment.
b) With certificate of competency as mate of merchandising ship, sea service for 3 years, accomplishment of ship management course, 90 days as ship handling & operations as chief mate, simulator training & exam with assessment is mandatory for becoming Master of 500-300 gross ton ships.
c) At second mate level, Master of home trade ship can team with the foreign routing ship
By:- Retd. Col.Puneet Sehgal
Branches : Chandigarh & Delhi
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